This Day In History – January 21th

By dancingintheraine

January 22, 2010

Category: Uncategorized

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1077 German King Heinrich IV petitions Pope Gregory VII for forgiveness

1189 Philip II, Henry II & Richard Lion-Hearted initiate 3rd Crusade

1276 Pierre de Tarantaise elected Pope Innocent V

1324 Zen Buddhist religious debate between Tendai & Shingon

1522 Head inquisitor Adrian Florisz Boeyens elected pope

1525 History’s first Anabaptist baptismal service took place in Zurich, Switzerland, when Conrad Grebel (re-)baptized George Blaurock.

1542 Parliament passes bill of attainder against Queen Katherine Howard

1549 Parliament passed the first of four British Acts of Uniformity, this first requiring the exclusive use of the Book of Common Prayer (later called the First Prayer Book of Edward VI) in all public services of the Anglican Church.

1604 Tsar Ivan IV defeats the False Dmitri, who claims to be the true tsar

1664 Count Miklós of Zrinyi sets out to battle Turkish invasion army

1677 1st medical publication in America (pamphlet on smallpox), Boston

1732 Russia & Persia sign Treaty of Riascha

1738 English revivalist George Whitefield wrote in his journal: ‘I desire to have no greater portion than the prayers of the poor.’

1772 Pioneer Methodist bishop Frances Asbury wrote in his journal: ‘Though a stranger in a strange land, God has taken care of me.’

1789 1st American novel, WH Brown’s “The Power of Sympathy”, is published

1793 Prussia & Russia sign partition treaty (Poland divided)

1793 During the French Revolution, King Louis XVI was executed on the guillotine. He had been condemned for treason.

1799 Edward Jenner’s smallpox vaccination is introduced

1812 The Y-bridge in Zanesville, OH, was approved for construction.

1818 Keats writes his poem “On a Lock of Milton’s Hair”

1821 Paramaribo Suriname catches fire, 4 die

1824 Ashantees defeat British at Accra, West Africa

1827 Freedom Journal, 1st Black paper, begins publishing

1830 Portsmouth (Ohio) blacks forcibly deported

1846 1st edition of Charles Dickens’ “Daily News” was published

1853 Envelope-folding machine patented by Russell Hawes, Worcester MA

1861 The future president of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis of Mississippi, resigned from the U.S. Senate. Four other Southerners also resigned.

1863 City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years

1863 The First Battle of Sabine Pass. Two Confederate ships drive away two Union ships as the Rebels recapture Sabine Pass, Texas, and open an important port for the Confederacy.

1865 An oil well was drilled by torpedoes for the first time

1874 Franz Grillparzer’s “Libussa” premieres in Vienna

1879 Henrik Ibsen’s “Et Dukkehjem” premieres in Copenhagen

1880 1st US sewage disposal system separate from storm drains, Memphis TN

1887 Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) forms

1890 1st issue of Propria Cures, Amsterdam student-weekly newspaper

1894 Oscar Fredriksen skates world record 500m in 47.8 seconds

1899 The five Opel brothers began converting the sewing machine and appliance factory of Adam Opel into an automobile works in Russelheim, Germany. On this day in 1899, they acquired the rights to the Lutzmann automobile, and began production. The Opel-Lutzmann was soon abandoned, and in 1902, Opel introduced its first original car, a 2-cylinder runabout. In the decades that followed, Opel became one of the premier forces in the European automobile industry, modernizing its factories relentlessly and adopting the continuous-motion assembly line before its European competitors. Today, Opel is a wholly owned subsidiary of General Motors. It produces about a quarter of all German cars, and exports heavily to South America and Africa.

1900 Canadian troops set sail to fight in South Africa. The Boers had attacked Ladysmith on January 8, 1900.

1901 Clyde Fitch’s “Climbers” premieres in New York City NY

1903 “Wizard of Oz” premieres in New York City NY

1903 Harry Houdini escapes police station Halvemaansteeg in Amsterdam

1903 International Theater (Majestic, Park) opens at 5 Columbus Circle New York City NY

1904 Leos Janacek’s opera “Jenufa” premieres in Brno Czechoslovakia

1907 Kenora Thistles sweep Montana Wanderers in 2 for the Stanley Cup

1908 The Sullivan Ordinance, a New York City NY regulation makes it illegal for a woman to smoke in public. The measure was vetoed by Mayor George B. McClellan, Jr.

1908 August Strindberg’s “Spoksonaten” premieres in Stockholm

1910 British-Russian military intervention in Persia

1911 The first Monte Carlo car rally was held. Seven days later it was won by Henri Rougier.

1913 Aristide Briand forms French government

1915 Kiwanis International founded and the first club formed in Detroit, MI

1916 The National Board of Review, founded in 1909 as the National Board of Censorship, agrees it will not accept nudity in films. The board, a volunteer group of film fans representing movie studios, served as an industry watchdog to help studios avoid government censorship. Critics felt the board was too liberal, and the public pressured the board to adopt more conservative standards. In 1921, New York State passed a film-licensing law, which deprived the board of much of its power.

1919 Sinn Fein proclaims parliament of Free Ireland

1922 1st slalom ski race run, Mürren, Switzerland

1924 Soviet leader Vladimir Llyich Lenin died. Joseph Stalin began a purge of his rivals for the leadership of the Soviet Union.

1925 Albanian parliament announces itself a republic; Ahmed Zogoe President

1926 Belgian parliament accepts Locarno treaties

1927 1st national opera broadcast over a national radio network from a US opera house in Chicago, IL. The opera was “Faust”

1929 Robert Sherriff’s “Journey’s End” premieres in London

1932 USSR & Finland stop non-attack treaty

1935 The Wilderness Society is founded

1935 WFI-AM in Philadelphia PA merges with WLIT as WFIL (now WEAZ)

1938 Dutch government starts obligatory unemployment insurance

1939 George Kaufman & Moss Hart’s “American Way” premieres in New York City NY

1939 US female Figure Skating championship won by Joan Tozzer

1939 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee

1940 Foreign correspondents in Netherlands under censorship

1941 1st commercial extraction of magnesium from seawater, Freeport TX

1941 1st anti-Jewish measures in Bulgaria

1941 Australia & Britain attack Tobruk Libya

1941 British communist newspaper “Daily Worker” banned due to wartime restrictions

1942 Bronx magistrate rules all pinball machines illegal

1942 Count Basie and His Orchestra records “One O’Clock Jump”

1942 Japanese air raid on Rabaul New Britain

1942 Tito’s partisans occupy Foca

1943 Soviet forces reconquer Gumrak airport near Stalingrad

1943 Soviet forces reconquer Worosjilowsk

1943 Vice-Admiral Cunningham appointed British Admiral of fleet

1944 447 German bombers attack London

1944 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg

1945 British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma

1946 “The Fat Man” debuted on ABC radio

1946 “Nellie Bly” opens at Adelphi Theater New York City NY for 16 performances

1947 “Sweethearts” opens at Shubert Theater New York City NY for 288 performances

1947 Arthur Honegger’s 4th Symphony premieres in Basel

1948 West Indies vs England, Test debut Walcott, Weekes & Jim Laker

1949 1st inaugural parade televised (Harry Truman)

1950 New York jury finds former State Department official Alger Hiss guilty of perjury in regards to testimony about his alleged involvement in a Soviet spy ring before and during World War II. Hiss served nearly four years in jail, but steadfastly protested his innocence during and after his incarceration.

1950 “Lend an Ear” closes at National Theater New York City NY after 460 performances

1950 T S Eliot’s “Cocktail Party” premieres in New York City NY

1951 Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Tampa Women’s Golf Open

1952 Nehru’s Congress party wins general election in India

1953 John Foster Dulles appointed as Secretary of State

1954 General Motors introduced the Firebird XP-21 show car, the world’s first gas-turbine powered car, in New York, NY. It was named in imitation of the U.S. military’s experimental jet-powered aircraft, which had code numbers like XP-59A.

1954 1st atomic submarine, USS Nautilus, launched on Thames River, christened by First Lady Mamie Eisenhower

1956 William Shawn succeeds Harold Ross as editor of the New Yorker

1956 “Comedy in Music (Victor Borge)” closes at Golden New York City NY after 849 performances

1957 KSAT TV channel 12 in San Antonio TX (ABC) begins broadcasting

1957 Singer Patsy Cline appeared on Arthur Godfrey’s nighttime TV show. She performed “Walking After Midnight.”

1957 Chuck Berry recorded “School Day.”

1957 Filming began on Elvis Presley’s second movie, “Loving You.”

1958 KMOT TV channel 10 in Minot ND (NBC) begins broadcasting

1958 Phillies agree to televise 78 games into New York City NY (doesn’t happen)

1960 Little Joe 4 suborbital Mercury test reaches 16 km

1960 Rock falls traps 437 at Coalbrook South Africa, 417 die of methane poisoning

1961 Portuguese rebels seize cruise ship Santa Maria

1961 “Conquering Hero” closes at ANTA Theater New York City NY after 8 performances

1961 KIFI TV channel 8 in Idaho Falls ID (NBC) begins broadcasting

1962 Snow falls in San Francisco

1962 JFK arrives in Uruguay

1962 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Sea Island Women’s Golf Invitational

1964 Carl T Rowan named director of US Information Agency

1965 The Byrds recorded “Mr. Tambourine Man.”

1965 Persians premier Ali Mansoer injured

1966 Beatle George Harrison marries model Patti Boyd

1966 George Harrison and Patricia Anne Boyd were married. Patty eventually left Harrison for Eric Clapton.

1967 AFL Pro Bowl East beats West 30-23

1967 US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming

1967 US male Figure Skating championship won by Gary Visconti

1968 AFL Pro Bowl East beats West 25-24

1968 NFL Pro Bowl West beats East 38-20

1968 One of the most publicized and controversial battles of the war begins at Khe Sanh, 14 miles below the DMZ and six miles from the Laotian border. Seized and activated by the U.S. Marines a year earlier, the base, which had been an old French outpost, was used as a staging area for forward patrols and was a potential launch point for contemplated future operations to cut the Ho Chi Minh Trail in Laos. The battle began on this date with a brisk firefight involving the 3rd Battalion, 26th Marines and a North Vietnamese battalion entrenched between two hills northwest of the base. The next day North Vietnamese forces overran the village of Khe Sanh and North Vietnamese long-range artillery opened fire on the base itself, hitting its main ammunition dump and detonating 1,500 tons of explosives.

1968 US B-52 bombers with nuclear bomb crashes in Greenland

1969 22nd NHL All-Star Game West beat East 3-3 at Montréal

1970 The Boeing 747 made its first commercial flight from New York to London for Pan American.

1970 – ABC-TV presented “The Johnny Cash Show” in prime time.

1971 “Alias Smith & Jones” premieres on ABC TV

1972 Assam’s North East Frontier Agency becomes Arunachal Pradesh territory

1972 Manipur, Meghalaya & Tripura become separate states of Indian union

1972 Mizoram, formerly part of Assam, creates an Indian union territory

1972 Belgium government of Eyskens-Cools forms

1973 Leslie Nielsen appears on M*A*S*H in “Ringbanger”

1973 3rd NFL Pro Bowl AFC beats NFC 33-28

1974 Gold hits record $161.31 an ounce in London

1974 Silver hits record $3.97 an ounce in London

1975 28th NHL All-Star Game Wales beat Campbell 7-1 at Montréal

1976 The French Supersonic Concorde SST aircraft began regular commercial service flights for Air France and British Airways

1977 President Jimmy Carter pardons almost all Vietnam War draft evaders

1977 Italy legalizes abortion

1978 Bee Gees’ “Saturday Night Fever” album goes #1 for 24 weeks

1979 Neptune becomes outermost planet (Pluto moves closer)

1979 Price of gold increases to record $875 troy ounce

1979 Super Bowl XIII Pittsburgh Steelers beat Dallas Cowboys, 35-31 in Miami; Super Bowl MVP Terry Bradshaw, Pittsburgh, Quarterback

1980 Gold hits record $850 an ounce

1980 Les Henson, Virginia Tech, makes 89′ 3″ basketball field goal

1981 Bernhard Goetz is assaulted for 1st time on a New York subway train

1981 “Shakespeare’s Cabaret” opens at Bijou Theater New York City NY for 54 performances

1982 “Little Me” opens at Eugene O’Neill Theater New York City NY for 36 performances

1982 New York Islanders begin then NHL record 15 game winning streak

1982 B.B. King donated his entire record collection to the University of Mississippi’s Center for the Study of Southern Culture. The collection included about 20,000 rare blues records.

1983 Reagan certifies El Salvador human-rights abuses have decreased making country eligible for US military aid

1983 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Anthony E Hecht

1984 Jackie Wilson died after being in a coma for 8 years.

1984 US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Hamilton

1985 -19ºF (-28ºC), Caesar’s Head SC (state record)

1985 -34ºF (-37ºC), Mt Mitchell NC (state record)

1985 Dennis Potvin ties Bobby Orr’s career record of 270 NHL goals

1985 Don DeLillo wins the American Book Award for his breakthrough novel, White Noise.

1985 Bomb attack on Borobudur temple in Java

1986 100 participate in Nude Olympics race in 38ºF (3ºC), Indiana

1986 Allison J Brown, 17, of Oklahoma, crowned 4th Miss Teen USA

1986 Former major-league player, Randy Bass, became the highest-paid baseball player in Japanese history. Bass signed a three-year contract for $3.25 million. He played for the Hanshin Tigers.

1986 Charismatic Bible Ministries was founded in Oklahoma. A fraternal fellowship of charismatic organizations, CBM held its first major conference in June 1986 in Tulsa.

1986 Bomb attack in East-Beirut, 27 killed

1987 Archbishop’s envoy Terry Waite disappears in Lebanon

1987 Aretha Franklin inducted into the Rock ‘n Roll Hall of Fame.

1987 BB King donates his 7,000 record collection to University of Mississippi

1988 US accept immigration of 30,000 US-Vietnamese children

1989 A woman is assaulted & raped in the room of an Oklahoma football player

1989 Wayne Gretzky passes Marcel Dionne to become NHL’s 2nd all time scorer

1990 Bob Goodenow succeeds Alan Eagleson as NHL players association executive director

1990 John McEnroe becomes the 1st ever expelled from the Australian Open for throwing a tantrum & swearing at an official

1990 41st NHL All-Star Game Wales beat Campbell 12-7 at Pittsburgh

1990 MTV’s “Unplugged” made its debut with Squeeze as the first performers.

1990 Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Jamaica Golf Classic

1991 CBS News correspondent Bob Simon captured by Iraqis in Persian Gulf

1993 Johan Koss skates world record 5 km in 6 38.77

1993 Nigerian singer Fela Kuti arrested on suspicion of murder

1994 Dow Jones passes 3900 (record 3,914.20)

1994 A jury in Manassas, VA, acquited Lorena Bobbitt by reason of temporarily insanity of maliciously wounding (chopping off spouse’s penis) her husband John. She accused him of sexually assaulting her.

1995 52th Golden Globes Forrest Gump, Tom Hanks, Jessica Lange, Brad Pitt

1996 53th Golden Globes Mel Gibson, Nicole Kidman, John Travolta

1996 Karrie Webb wins LPGA HealthSouth Inaugural Golf Tournament

1996 US male Figure Skating championship won by Rudy Galindo

1996 The 555-ton Gurita, an overloaded ferry sinks in an unexpected storm off the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, killing 340 people.

1997 Dick Griffey files a $6 million lawsuit against Dr. Dre for an alleged breach of contract concerning a business deal in 1991 which would have seen Griffey earning 25% of Dre’s income.

1997 Newt Gingrich was fined as the U.S. House of Representatvies voted for first time in history to discipline its leader for ethical misconduct.

1998 Pope John Paul II visits Cuba

1998 James Brown was released from a hospital where he had been treated for an addicition to painkillers at the age of 64. He was admitted on January 15, 1998.

1998 A former White House intern said on tape that she had an affair with U.S. President Clinton.

1999 The U.S. Coast Guard intercepted a ship headed for Houston, TX, that had over 9,500 pounds of cocaine aboard. It was one of the largest drug busts in U.S. history.

2002 In Goma, Congo, about fifty people were killed when lava flow ignited a gas station. The people killed were trying to steal fuel from elevated tanks. The eruption of Mount Nyiragongo began on January 17, 2002.

2002 In London, a 17th century book by Capt. John Smith, founder of the English settlement at Jamestown, was sold at auction for $48,800. “The General History of Virginia, New England and the Summer Isles” was published in 1632.

2003 It was announced by the U.S. Census Bureau that estimates showed that the Hispanic population had passed the black population for the first time.

Birthdays

1338 Charles V (the Wise) king of France (1364-80)

1571 John I Pontanus physicist/historian (Amsterdam)

1659 Adriaen van der Werff Dutch portrait painter/engraver/architect

1735 Johann Gottfried Eckard composer

1738 Ethan Allen, future Revolutionary War hero and key founder of the Republic of Vermont, is born in Litchfield, Connecticut.

1743 John Fitch inventor (had a working steamboat years before Fulton)

1746 Johann H Pestalozzi Zurich Switzerland, educator (Leonard & Gertrude)

1751 Josephus Andreas Fodor composer

1759 Johan Valckenaer Dutch politician/patriot

1762 Giuseppe Antonio Silvani composer

1771 Arnold A Buyskes Dutch Vice-Admiral/colonial director

1775 Manuel Garcia composer

1792 Tsjalling Hiddes Halbertsma Fries story teller (Rhymes & Tales)

1796 John Gelinde van Blom Frisian notary/author

1801 Ramon Vilanova y Barrera composer

1813 John C Frémont [Pathfinder], map maker/explorer (western US)/Governor (AZ)

1814 Thomas Attwood Walmisley composer

1815 Horace Wells dentist (pioneered use of medical anesthesia)

1821 John Cabell Breckinridge (D) 14th US Vice Pressident (1857-61)/Major-General (Confederacy)

1823 Alexandre Edouard Goria composer

1824 Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson Lieutenant-General 2nd Corps (ANV, Confederacy)

1829 Oscar II Frederik King of Sweden (1872-1907)/Norway (-1905)/poet

1833 Norman Willis union leader (Britain’s Trades Union Congress)

1840 Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake pioneer English woman physician

1848 Henri Duparc French composer

1855 John M Browning US, weapons designer and manufacturer

1859 Antoni Wincenty Rutkowski composer

1865 Heinrich E Albers-Schönberg German röntgenologist

1867 James Marcus actor (Eagle, Little Lord Fauntleroy, Lone Avenger)

1867 Maxime Weygand French General/Governor-General (Algeria)

1867 Willem C Royaards Dutch theater director (Summer Games)

1872 Jonkhr Frans Beelaerts van Blokland Dutch foreign minister

1875 John Lindworsky German jesuit/psychologist (Der Wille)

1875 Paul E Kahle Germany, professor of oriental studies

1878 Egon Friedell Austria, journalist/actor/writer (Der Partylowe)

1883 Olav Aukrust Norway, poet

1884 Katie Sandwina Germany, legendary woman weight-lifter

1884 Roger Nash Baldwin founder (American Civil Liberties Union)

1885 Umberto Nobile Italian General

1886 Gustaaf Sap Belgian minister of Finance/Economy

1887 Alfred Henry Ackley composer

1887 Wolfgang Köhler German/US Gestalt psychologist (Mentality of Apes)

1889 Bert Collins cricketer (Aussie batsman in the post WWI years)

1889 Pitirim A Sorokin Russian/US sociologist (Social mobility)

1891 Francisco Lazaro Portuguese runner

1891 Nikolay Semyonovich Golovanov composer

1891 Timothy Mather Spelman composer

1897 J Carrol Naish New York City NY, actor (Charlie Chan-Adventures of Charlie Chan)

1898 John George Syria, actor (Kolb-Adventures of Fu Manchu)

1898 Avery Claflin composer

1904 Richard P Blackmur Massachusetts, critic/poet (Anni Mirabiles, Good European)

1904 Joseph Ford McGuinn Brooklyn NY, actor (Dick Tracy’s G-Men)

1905 Christian Dior Normandy France, fashion designer (long-skirted look)

1906 Fred Fehl Austrian/US Broadway photographer

1906 John Putz journalist

1908 Bengt Strömgren Göteborg Sweden, astrophysicist (studied gas cloud)

1909 Todor Skalovski composer

1910 Patsy Kelly Brooklyn NY, actress (Cowboy & the Lady)

1910 Lord Cayzer British financier/Schweppes magnate/multi-millionaire

1911 Stanley William Reed cineaste

1912 Konrad Bloch Germany, biochemist (studied cholesterol-Nobel 1964)

1915 Alan Hewitt New York City NY, actor (Detective Brennan-My Favorite Martian)

1917 Rohan Butler historian

1918 Geoffrey Dawes physiologist

1919 Jinx Falkenburg Barcelona Spain, actress (Masquerade Party)

1920 Donald Cuthbert Coleman economic historian

1920 Errol Walton Barrow PM of Barbados (DLP) (1966-76, 1986-87)

1920 Torsten Nilsson composer

1921 Barney Clark 1st to receive a permanent artificial heart

1921 John Doucette Brockton MA, actor (Lock Up, Big Town)

1921 Todor Popov composer

1922 Jean P Vroom Dutch sculptor

1922 Paul Scofield Hurst England, actor (Man for All Seasons, Train)

1923 Judith Merril [Josephine Juliet Grossman], sci-fi writer

1924 Benny Hill Southampton England, comedian (Benny Hill Show)

1924 Telly [Aristotle] Savalas Garden City Long Island NY, actor (Acapulco, Kojak)

1925 Lola Flores Cadiz Spain, singer/actress (Kuma Ching, Faraona)

1925 Oswald “Ossie” Stevens Nock railway writer

1926 Paul Burke New Orleans LA, actor (Neal-Dynasty)

1926 Franco Evangelisti Italian composer

1926 Raf Reymen Flemish actor

1926 Steve Reeves Glasgow MT, actor (Hercules, Hercules Unchained)

1930 Valentin Ignatyevich Filatyev Russia, cosmonaut

1932 Boris Shakhlin Russia, gymnast (Olympics-gold-1956-60-64)

1933 Itzhak Fuks Israeli El Al captain, crashed in Amsterdam

1933 William Wrigley III chewing gum mogul (Wrigleys)

1935 Ann Wedgeworth Abilene TX, actress (Tiger’s Tale, Men’s Club, Bogie)

1939 Mary Ellen McAnally Illinois, poet (Dance of the Zygotes)

1939 Wolfman Jack [Bob Smith], Brooklyn NY, DJ (Midnight Special)

1940 Jack Nicklaus Columbus OH, golfer (Player of Year 1967,72,73,75,76)

1940 Marquis of Tavistock English large landowner/multi-millionaire

1941 Placido Domingo Madrid Spain, opera tenor (Pinkerton-Madame Butterfly)

1941 Richie Havens Brooklyn NY, folk singer (Here Comes the Sun)

1941 Edwin Starr [Charles Hatcher], US singer (War)

1942 Mac Davis Lubbock TX, singer/actor (Mac Davis Show, North Dallas 40)

1944 John Kenneth Tavener composer

1944 Neely Bruce composer

1945 Andrew Stein president of NYC council (D)

1945 Chris Britton rocker (Troggs-Rock & Roll Goldmine)

1946 Vincent Placoly Martinique, writer (L’eau-de-mort guildive)

1947 Jill Eikenberry New Haven CT, actress (Ann Kelsey-LA Law, Manhattan Project)

1947 Jimmy Ibbotson Penn, country singer (Nitty Gritty Dirt Band)

1950 Billy Ocean [Leslie S Charles], Trinidad, singer (Suddenly, Caribbean Queen)

1950 Joseph R Tanner Danville IL, astronaut (STS 66, 82, sk 97)

1950 Richie Ranno rocker

1953 Fausto Bara Mexico, actor (Gaucho-Renegades)

1955 Peter Fleming New Jersey, tennis player (US Open Doubles 1979, 81, 83)

1955 Robby Benson Dallas TX, actor (One on One, Running Brave, ChosenIce Castles, Beauty and the Beast)

1956 Bob Brill New York City NY, drummer (Berlin-You Take My Breath Away)

1957 Geena (Virginia) Davis Wareham MA, actress (Beetlejuice, The Fly)

1957 Jacob Green NFL defensive end (Seattle Seahawk)

1957 Shaukat Dukanwala cricketer (Baroda off-spinner, UAE World Cup 1996)

1958 Miguel Alejandro New York City NY, actor (Popi)

1961 Sherry Ramsay Stauton VA, actress (Trish Mason-As the World Turns)

1961 Gabrielle Carteris Phoenix AZ, actress (Andrea-Beverly Hills 90210)

1963 Cindy Schreyer Forest Park GA, LPGA golfer (1993 Sun-Times Challenge)

1963 Detlef Schrempf Germany, NBA forward (Mavericks, Pacers, Supersonics)

1963 Hakeem Abdul Olajuwon Nigeria, NBA center (Rockets, Olympics-gold-96)

1963 Jessie Hester NFL player (St Louis Rams)

1965 Brian Bradley Kitchener, NHL center (Tampa Bay Lightning)

1965 Cordell Crockett rocker (Ugly Kid Joe-Mad Man, Too Bad)

1965 Eric Moore NFL tackle (Cleveland Browns)

1965 Tania Abitbol Madrid Spain, LPGA golfer (1994 US Women’s Open-4th)

1966 Chris Hammond US baseball pitcher (Florida Marlins)

1966 Katrine Michaelsen Gentokte Denmark, Miss Denmark (1984)

1967 Ulf Stenlund Sweden, tennis star

1968 Charlotte Ross Chicago, actress (Eve-Days of Our Lives)

1968 Tom Urbani Santa Cruz CA, pitcher (St Louis Cardinals, Detroit Tigers)

1969 Ashley Sheppard NFL linebacker (Jacksonville Jaguars)

1969 Matt Willig NFL tackle/guard (Atlanta Falcons, New York Jets)

1969 Rusty Greer Fort Rucker AL, outfielder (Texas Rangers)

1969 Ted Long CFL slot back (Hamilton Tiger Cats)

1970 Brennan Little St Thomas Ontario, golfer (1994 Western States mini-tour)

1970 Ian Salisbury cricketer (Sussex & England leg-spinner 1992-96)

1971 Doug Edwards NBA forward (Vancouver Grizzlies)

1971 Doug Weight Warren MI, NHL center (Edmonton Oilers, Team USA 98)

1971 Tommy Puett Gary IN, actor (Tyler-Life Goes On, America’s Top 10)

1972 Alan Benes Evansville IN, pitcher (St Louis Cardinals)

1972 Howard Nathan NBA guard (Atlanta Hawks)

1972 Shelley Looney ice hockey forward (USA, Olympics-98)

1973 Bubba Miller corner (Philadelphia Eagles)

1973 Grady Jackson defensive tackle (Oakland Raiders)

1973 Jamal Cox WLAF linebacker (Rhein Fire)

1974 Jerald Sowell fullback (New York Jets)

1974 Jerry Wunsch tackle (Tampa Bay Buccaneers)

1974 Orpheus Roye defensive end (Pittsburgh Steelers)

1975 Anette Oldenborg Miss Denmark-Universe (1996)

1975 Faghma Absalom Miss Namibia-Universe (1996)

1975 Willem Korsten Dutch soccer player (Vitesse)

1976 Amanda Little Miss Texas-USA (1997, top 6)

1976 Emma Lee Bunton “Baby Spice”, Finchley London, vocalist (Spice Girls)

1976 Lynn Thomas Newport News VA, playmate (May 1997)

1979 Kelly Gaudet Miss Florida Teen-USA (1996)

1980 Aubrie Rippner Los Angeles CA, tennis star (1995 USTA National Girls 18)

1990 At the Australian Open in Melbourne, American tennis player John McEnroe becomes the first player since 1963 to be disqualified from a Grand Slam tournament for misconduct. During the changeover, he stopped in front of a lineswoman he thought had made a bad call, glaring at her while bouncing a ball on his racket. The chair umpire, Gerry Armstrong, gave McEnroe a conduct code violation for unsportsmanlike conduct. In the 7th game he smashed his racket several times. Another code violation.

Deaths

0879 Boudouin with the Iron Arm Earl of Flanders, dies

1118 Paschalis II [Raniero], pope (1099-1118), dies

1596 John Ligarius German theologist/prime minister, dies at 66

1609 Joseph Justus Scaliger French inventor of “Julian Period”, dies at 68

1626 John Dowland English musician/lyric poet (In Darkness We Dwell), dies at about 63

1665 Domenico Mazzocchi composer, dies at 72

1665 Pierre de Fermat French mathematician (Fermat theorem), dies at 63

1670 Honorat de Brueil seigneur de Racan French playwright, dies at 80

1683 Anthony Ashley Cooper 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, dies at 61

1686 Nicolas-François Blondel French architect, dies

1704 Willem B Schepers Dutch merchant/ship owner, dies at about 83

1746 Gottfried Kirkhoff composer, dies at 60

1774 Mustapha III sultan of Turkey (1957-74), dies at 56

1793 Louis XVI French king (1774-93), beheaded by revolutionaries at 38

1815 M Claudius writer, dies at 74

1831 Achim vs Arnim writer, dies at 49

1851 Gustav Albert Lortzing composer, dies at 49

1862 Bozena Nemcová [Barnora Panklová], Czechoslovakian author, dies at 41

1871 John J Rochussen Governor-General of Netherlands-Indies (1845-51), dies at 73

1872 Franz Grillparzer Austrian playwright (Sappho/Libussa), dies at 81

1882 Anton Emil Titl composer, dies at 72

1883 Jacopo Tomadini composer, dies at 62

1884 Auguste Franchomme composer, dies at 75

1888 Stephan Hale Alonzo Marsh composer, dies at 83

1891 Calixa Lavallee composer, dies at 48

1892 John Couch Adams English co-discoverer of Neptune, dies

1894 Guillaume Jean Joseph Nicolas Lekeu composer, dies at 24

1903 Hermanus J A M Schaepman Dutch clergyman/politician, dies at 58

1924 Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov Lenin Russian leader, dies of a stroke at 54

1926 Camillo Golgi Italian medical research (malaria, Nobel 1906), dies at 81

1927 Floris H Verster Dutch painter/cartoonist/etcher, dies at 65

1931 Felix Blumenfeld composer, dies at 67

1932 [Giles] Lytton Strachey British biographer/critic, dies at 51

1942 Henryk Opienski Polish composer/musicologist/conductor, dies at 72

1943 Otakar Sini composer, dies at 61

1944 Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout Flemish physician/writer, dies at 74

1944 Heinrich zu Sayn-Wittgenstein German major/pilot, shot down

1948 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari composer, dies at 72

1950 George Orwell [Eric Arthur Blair] author (Animal Farm, 1984), dies from tuberculosis in London at 46

1954 Billy Jenkins dies at 69

1955 Maarten P Vrij Dutch lawyer/criminologist/High Council, dies at 59

1957 Arthur L Bowley English statistician/economist, dies at 87

1959 Cecil B[lount] de Mille producer (10 Commandments), dies at 77

1959 Carl Dean Switzer, the actor who as a child played “Alfalfa” in the Our Gang comedy film series, dies at age 31 in a fight, allegedly about money, in a Mission Hills, California, home. Alfalfa, the freckle-faced boy with a warbling singing voice and a cowlick protruding from the top of his head, was Switzer’s best-known role.

1959 Lamar Stringfield composer, dies at 61

1961 Blaise Cendrars Swiss/French poet (J’ai tué), dies at 73

1961 John Joseph Becker composer, dies a day before 75th birthday

1962 André Lhote French painter/art historian, dies at 76

1963 Al St John actor (Law & Order, Devil Riders), dies at 70

1963 Franz Jung writer, dies at 74

1964 Joseph Schildkraut actor (Cleopatra, Diary of Anne Frank), dies at 68

1965 Harvey Zorbaugh doctor/TV host (Play the Game), dies at 68

1967 Ann Sheridan actress (Pistols ‘n’ Petticoats), dies of cancer at 51

1971 Richard B Russell (Senator-D-GA), dies at 73

1974 Jan Arends Dutch poet/author, dies at 48

1974 Ken Viljoen cricketer (played 27 Tests for South Africa 1930-47), dies

1974 Lewis L Strauss head US Atomic Energy Commission (1953-58), dies at 78

1975 Marie Lohr actress (Pygmalion, Small Hotel, Escapade), dies at 84

1977 John Vincent composer, dies at 74

1977 Zoltan Vasarhelyi composer, dies at 76

1981 Allyn Joslyn actor (They Won’t Forget, Cafe Society), dies at 79

1984 Jackie Wilson US singer (I Get the Sweetest Feeling), dies at 49

1985 Barbara Cowsill rocker (Cowsills), dies of emphysema

1987 Pieter G Buckinx Flemish writer (7th Day), dies at 83

1988 Abraham Sofaer actor (Naked Jungle, Elephant Walk), dies

1991 Howard “Red” Grange football’s galloping ghost, dies at 87

1991 Frank Mitchell actor (Music is Magic, Prairie Gunsmoke), dies

1991 Richard Bolling (Representative-D-MO)/US civil-rights leader, dies at 74

1992 William T “Champion Jack” Dupree US boxer/pianist, dies at 81

1994 Basel al-Assad Syrian President Assad’s son, dies in car accident at 31

1995 Flavio “Negao” Pires da Conceicao drug Trafficker, dies at 25

1995 John Halas animator, dies at 82

1995 Philippe Casado Moroccan/French cyclist, dies at 30

1996 Roman Ciesiewicz artist/graphic designer, dies at 65

1996 Sam Green industrialist/inventor, dies at 88

1997 Colonel Tom Parker manager (Elvis Presley), dies at 87

1997 Dennis Main Wilson TV/radio producer, dies at 72

1997 Michael Duane educationalist, dies at 81

M.I.A.

1966 EGAN JAMES T. JR. MOUNTAINSIDE NJ

1967 BAUGH WILLIAM J. PIQUA OH 03/04/73 RELEASED BY DRV ALIVE AND WELL 1998

1967 CONLEY EUGENE O. AKRON OH

1967 HOGAN JERRY FRANKS TUSCALOOSA AL

1967 KERNS ARTHUR W. EL PASO TX ARMY PFOD 12/23/66 SAIGON VICINITY GRID XS820960 DIA=AWOL ARMY=PFOD REFNO 2058

1967 SPOON DONALD R. MOUND CITY MO 03/04/73 RELEASED BY DRV ALIVE AND WELL 98

1968 COALSTON ECHOL W. JR. MEMPHIS TN

1968 ELLIOTT JERRY W. GREENVILLE MS

1968 HILL BILLY D. FALLON NV

1968 KIMSEY WILLIAM A. JR. RELIANCE TN

1968 RAMSAY CHARLES J. NEWARK NJ RADIO CONTACT LOST

1973 CHRISTOPHERSEN KEITH A. SOUTH ST. PAUL MN OVERBOARD CVA61 SEARCH NEG

1973 PARKER CHARLES L. JR. SAN DIEGO CA OVERBOARD CVA61 SEARCH NEG

1973 WIEHR RICHARD D. MANKATO MN OVERBOARD CAV61 SEARCH NEG

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