This Day In History – January 22th

By dancingintheraine

January 23, 2010

Category: Uncategorized

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0871 Battle at Basing Danish invasion army beats Ethelred of Wessex

1371 King Robert II Stuart of Scotland crowned

1510 Jews are expelled from Colmar Germany

1517 Turks conquer Cairo

1522 German Reformer Martin Luther wrote in a letter: ‘Love cares for the problems of others as if they were one’s own.’

1528 England & France declare war on Emperor Charles V

1575 English queen Elizabeth I grants Thomas Tallis & William Byrd music press monopoly

1584 Parts of Switzerland adopt Gregorian calendar (& parts in 1812)

1588 Pope Sixtus V decrees “Immense aeterni” (Reformed curia)

1666 Shah Jahan, a descendant of Genghis Khan and Timur, died at the age of 74. He was the Mogul emperor of India that built the Taj Mahal as a mausoleum for his wife Mumtaz-i-Mahal.

1673 Postal service between New York & Boston inaugurated

1689 Lord Halifax becomes Speaker of English House of Lords

1689 Prince Willem III calls English parliament together

1690 Iroquois tribes renew allegiance to British against French

1758 Russian troops occupy Königsberg, East Prussia

1760 Battle at Wandewash India British troops beat French

1771 Spain cedes the Falkland Islands to Britain

1775 Marshal Oscar von Lubomirski expels Jews from Warsaw Poland

1789 “The Power of Sympathy,” by Philenia (Mrs. Sarah W.) Morton, was published in Boston, MA.

1798 Coup of Midderigh

1813 Americans capture Frenchtown, Canada

1814 1st Knights Templar grand encampment in US held, New York City NY

1816 Lord Byron completes “Parisina” & “The Siege of Corinth”

1817 English freighter Diana sinks off Malaysia

1824 The Asante army crushed British troops in the Gold Coast.

1831 Charles Darwin takes his Bachelor of Arts exam

1837 Earthquake in southern Syria kills thousands

1840 Under the leadership of British statesman Edward G. Wakefield, the first British colonists to New Zealand arrive at Port Nicholson on Auckland Island.

1850 Alta California becomes a daily paper, 1st such in California

1857 National Association of Baseball Players founded, NY

1859 Brahms’ 1st piano concerto (in D minor) premieres, Hanover

1862 Confederate government raises premium for volunteers from $10 to $20

1863 Union General Burnside’s “Mud March”

1873 Britains SS Northfleet sinks at Dungeness England, 300 die

1879 James Shields (D) elected US senator from Missouri after previously serving as US senator from Illinois & Minnesota. He was the first Senator to serve three states.

1879 On this day, pursuing American soldiers badly beat Cheyenne Chief Dull Knife and his people as they make a desperate bid for freedom. In doing so, the soldiers effectively crushed the so-called Dull Knife Outbreak.

1879 Zulus attack British Army camp, massacring the British troops in Isandhlwana South Africa

1881 Ancient Egyptian obelisk “Cleopatra’s Needle” erected in Central Park

1882 The Fifth Street Presbyterian Church of Troy, New York, became the first church in America to be illuminated by electric lighting.

1883 England complete 1st innings victory in Tests vs Australia MCG

1889 The Columbia Phonograph Company was formed in Washington, DC.

1890 José Marti forms La Liga (Union of Cuban exiles) in New York City NY

1895 National Association of Manufacturers organized in Cincinnati OH

1900 Off of South Africa, the British released the German steamer Herzog, which had been seized on January 6.

1901 After over 63 years England stops sale of Queen Victoria postage stamps series & begins King Edward VII series

1905 “Bloody Sunday”; Russian demonstrators (Insurgent workers) fired on by tsarist troops, 500 people were killed

1909 Vassily Kandinsky forms Künstlerverein in Munich

1910 The opera “Germania” is 1st performed in New York City NY

1912 Florida East Coast Railroad opened, running between Key West and the mainland. The railroad closed in 1935. Three years later, the roadway was paved, bringing automotive traffic to the Florida Keys for the first time.

1914 Paul Claudel’s “L’échange” premieres in Paris

1917 U.S. President Wilson pleaded for an end to war in Europe, calling for “peace without victory.” America entered the war the following April.

1918 Ukraine proclaimed a free republic (German puppet)

1924 KGO-AM in San Francisco CA begins radio transmissions

1924 Baldwin government resigns in England

1924 Dutch Blast Furnace & Steel Factory opens

1924 ramsay MacDonald became Britain’s first Labour Prime Minister

1925 Albania Republic proclaimed under President Achmed Zogu

1926 Belgian chief of staff General Maglinse quits

1930 -35ºF (-37ºC), Mount Carroll IL (state record)

1931 French government of Steeg falls

1931 VARA begins experimental TV broadcast in Diamantbeurs Amsterdam

1932 British Anglicans & Old-Catholic church merge

1934 Dmitri Shostakovich’s opera “Lady MacBeth” premieres in Leningrad

1936 French Laval government falls

1936 In Paris, Premier Pierre Laval resigned over diplomatic failure in the Ethiopian crisis.

1938 “Our Town”, Thornton Wilder’s Pulitzer-winner of small-town life in Grover’s Corners NH, performed publicly for 1st time in Princeton (New Jersey)

1939 Aquatic Park, near Fisherman’s Wharf, San Francisco CA, is dedicated

1939 Uranium atom 1st split, Columbia University

1940 1st radio broadcast of “Road to Happiness” on CBS

1941 1st mass killing of Jews in Romania

1941 British/Australian troops capture Tobruk from Italian and German forces

1942 Japanese air raid on Rabaul, New Britain

1942 Sietze de Groot wins 8th Dutch 11 city skate (8 44 06)

1943 66.3 cm precipitation at Hoegees Camp CA (state record)

1943 Joint Chiefs of Staff determine invasion in Sicily for July 10th

1943 Temperature rises 49ºF (9ºC) in 2 minutes in Spearfish SD

1944 Battle of Anzio (Italy); Allies started landing on the beach during WWII

1945 Burma highway reopens

1945 Heavy US air raid on Okinawa

1946 US President sets up CIA, Central Intelligence Agency

1947 KTLA TV channel 5 in Hollywood/Los Angeles CA (IND) begins broadcasting (1st commercial TV station west of the Mississippi River)

1948 Jim Laker takes 7-103 in his 1st Test Cricket innings vs West Indies Barbados

1949 Chinatown telephone exchange closed

1949 “All for Love” opens at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City NY for 121 performances

1950 Alger Hiss, a former adviser to U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, was convicted of perjury for denying contacts with a Soviet agent. He was sentenced to five years in prison.

1950 Throughout the twentieth century, independent automobile manufacturers have fallen again and again before the industrial power of the “Big Three”–Ford, General Motors, and Chrysler. Most often, these independent firms are swallowed, bought up, like Nash, Austin, Studebaker, Hudson, Packard, and many others. The story of Preston Tucker is a little darker. Tucker was a Chicago businessman who built 50 extraordinary automobiles in 1947 and 1948. His cars had many modern amenities and remarkable horsepower. But he was indicted on 31 counts of fraud; and as he fought for his freedom in court, his company failed. On this day in 1950, Preston Tucker was cleared of all fraud charges against him. But it was too little, too late. The Tucker automobile was history. Many believe that the legal actions against Tucker were sponsored by the Big Three auto makers, who feared his competition.

1950 Polly Riley wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open

1951 Fidel Castro ejected from a Winter League game after beaning batter. He later gave up baseball for politics.

1951 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Johncrowe Ransom

1953 Arthur Miller’s “Crucible” premieres on Broadway in New York City NY

1955 Norwegian government of Einar Gerhardsen forms

1956 Raymond Burr starred as Captain Lee Quince in the “Fort Laramie” debut on CBS radio.

1956 30 die in a train crash in Los Angeles

1956 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open

1956 Canadian Football Council forms

1957 Israeli forces withdraw from the Sinai Penisula

1957 Susected Mad Bomber (George P Metesky) accused of planting more than 30 explosives in the New York City area, arrested in Waterbury, CT

1958 KRSD (now KEVN) TV channel 7 in Rapid City SD (ABC) 1st broadcast

1959 USAF concludes less than 1% of UFO’s are unknown objects

1959 Buddy Holly made his last recordings alone with an acoustic guitar and tape recorder. The songs were released posthumously.

1960 10th NBA All-Star Game East beats West 125-115 at Philadelphia

1960 Coal mine of Johnburg caves-in, 417 die

1960 Sam Cooke signed a deal with RCA Records.

1960 French President De Gaulle escapes attempt by General Massu

1960 Paul Pender beats Sugar Ray Robinson for middleweight boxing title

1961 Wilma Rudolph, set a world indoor record in the women’s 60-yard dash. She ran the race in 6.9 seconds.

1962 Cuba’s membership in the Organization of American States (OAS) was suspended.

1962 Gene Chandler made his TV debut on “American Bandstand.”

1963 Swiss Reformed theologian Karl Barth wrote in a letter: ‘In Jesus Christ, God and man…are already at peace Ä not as enemies but as true companions. In Him salvation is already present and at work.’

1963 The Drifters recorded “On Broadway.”

1963 Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Naples Professional Golf Tournament

1963 Gerry & the Pacemakers held their first recording session. They produced “Away from You” and “Pretend.”

1964 World’s largest cheese (15,723 kg) manufactured, Wisconsin

1964 The U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff inform Defense Secretary Robert McNamara that they “are wholly in favor of executing the covert actions against North Vietnam.”

1964 Kenneth Kaunda becomes premier of North-Rhodesia (Zambia)

1965 US launches TIROS 9 weather satellite

1966 The Beach Boys recorded “Wouldn’t It Be Nice”.

1967 NFL Pro Bowl East beats West 20-10

1968 “Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In” premieres on NBC

1968 Apollo 5 launched to Moon; unmanned lunar module tests made

1968 Operating in the two northernmost military regions, the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) launches two major operations. In the first operation, conducted by the 1st Cavalry Division in Quang Tri and Thua Thien provinces, south of the Demilitarized Zone, “First Team” units launched Operation Jeb Stuart. This operation was a large-scale reinforcement of the Marines in the area and focused on clearing enemy Base Areas 101 and 114. Jeb Stuart was terminated on March 31 with enemy casualties listed at 3,268; U.S. casualties were 291 killed in action and 1,735 wounded. On the same day that Jeb Stuart was launched, other 1st Cavalry units launched Operation Pershing II in the coastal lowlands in Binh Dinh Province. This operation, designed to clear enemy forces from the area, lasted until February 29.

1968 NBA announces it will expand to Milwaukee & Phoenix

1969 Billy Preston becomes the 5th Beatle

1969 Orbiting Solar Observatory 5 launched into earth orbit

1969 “Celebration” opens at Ambassador Theater New York City NY for 110 performances

1969 Roy Campanella & Stan Musial elected to baseball Hall of Fame

1970 1st commercial Boeing 747 flight (Pan Am), New York to London in 6½ hours

1970 Test debut of Barry Richards, South Africa vs Australia, Cape Town

1971 John & Yoko record “Power to the People”

1971 The Joe Cocker film “Mad Dogs and Englishmen” debuted in London.

1972 “Emergency” with Robert Fuller premieres on NBC TV

1972 Joe Frazier lost the first fight of his professional career to George Foreman. He been the undefeated heavyweight world champion since February 16, 1970 when he knocked out Jimmy Ellis.

1972 22nd NBA All-Star Game West beats East 112-110 at Los Angeles

1973 George Foreman TKOs Joe Frazier in 2 for heavyweight boxing title

1973 The U.S. Supreme Court struck down state laws that had been restricting abortions during the first six months of pregnancy. The case (Roe vs. Wade) legalized abortion.

1973 A plane returning Muslim pilgrims from Mecca crashes in Kano, Nigeria, killing 176 people. The Royal Jordanian Boeing 707-300 was chartered by Nigeria Airways to take Muslims in Nigeria on a pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia. There were 198 passengers and 11 crew members on board as the plane approached Kano’s airport. It was the deadliest air disaster of its time.

1973 US, North & South Vietnam & Vietcong sign boundary accord

1975 Landsat 2, an Earth Resources Technology Satellite, launched

1976 Bank robbery in Beirut nets $20-50 million (record)

1980 PGA begins a senior golf tour

1980 Dissidents Andrei Sacharov & Jelena Bonner banished to Gorki

1980 In Moscow, Andrei Dmitriyevich Sakharov, the Soviet physicist who helped build the USSR’s first hydrogen bomb, is arrested after criticizing the Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan. He was subsequently stripped of his numerous scientific honors and banished to remote Gorky.

1980 West Indies beat England 2-0 to win 1st World Series Cup

1981 40th Islander shut-out opponent-3-0 vs Red Wings-Billy Smith 15th

1981 O A “Bum” Phillips becomes head coach of the New Orleans Saints

1981 A picture of John Lennon naked appeared in his obituary issue of Rolling Stone.

1982 75% of North America is covered by snow

1982 In a revival of the diplomacy “linkages” that were made famous by Henry Kissinger during the Nixon years, the administration of President Ronald Reagan announces that further progress on arms talks will be linked to a reduction of Soviet oppression in Poland. The U.S. ploy was but one more piece of the increasingly complex jigsaw puzzle of nuclear arms reduction.

1983 2nd flight readiness firing of Challenger’s main engines; 22 seconds

1983 Bjorn Borg retired from tennis. He had set a record by winning 5 consecutive Wimbledon championships.

1983 Houston is 1st NBA team to be held scoreless in an overtime Portland Trail Blazers out score them 17-0 & win 113-96

1984 Annette Kennedy of SUNY sets women’s basketball record with 70 points

1984 Apple introduced the Macintosh during the third quarter of Super Bowl XVIII

1984 Hilbert van de Thumb becomes European all-round skates

1984 Super Bowl XVIII Los Angeles Raiders beat Washington Redskins, 38-9 in Tampa; Super Bowl MVP Marcus Allen, Los Angeles Raiders, Running Back

1984 Barry Manilow sang the U.S. national anthem at Super Bowl XVIII.

1985 -30ºF (-34ºC), Mountain Lake Bio Station, Virginia (state record)

1985 Cold wave damages 90% of Florida’s citrus crop

1985 Zak Starkey (Ringo’s son) marries Sarah Menikides

1985 Kelly Hu, 16, of Hawaii, crowned 3rd Miss Teen USA

1986 Ghorbanifar 1st suggests diversion of cash to contras, says North

1987 Phil Donahue became the first talk show host to tape a show from inside the Soviet Union. The shows were shown later in the year.

1987 Blizzard in New Jersey, as 334 attend the Devils-Flame NHL game, New Jersey wins 7-5

1988 1st-class cricket debut of Brian Lara, Trinidad & Tobago vs Leeward Island

1988 1st-class cricket debut of Hansie Cronje, OFS vs Transvaal

1988 Mike Tyson TKOs Larry Holmes in 4 for heavyweight boxing title

1989 Super Bowl XXIII San Francisco 49ers beat Cincinnati Bengals, 20-16 in Miami; Super Bowl MVP Jerry Rice, San Francisco, Wide Receiver

1989 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakstan/Semipalatinsk USSR

1989 Gene Simmons (KISS) and former “Playboy” model Shannon Tweed had a son

1990 Will Clark, NL’s MVP signs a $15M 4-year contract with San Francisco Giants

1990 Guns ‘N’ Roses guitarist Slash used profanity numerous times on live television while accepting an American Music Award.

1990 17th American Music Award Milli Vanilli

1990 Wasim Akram scores Test century (123) at Adelaide

1991 L.L. Cool J’s album “Mama Said Knock You Out” was certified platinum by the RIAA.

1992 Space Shuttle STS-42 (Discovery 15) launches into space

1992 Rebel soldiers seized the national radio station in Kinshasa, Zaire’s capital, and broadcast a demand for the government’s resignation.

1992 Princess Sarah Ferguson wears paper bag over her head on airline ride

1993 Johan Koss skates world record 5 km in 6 38.77

1993 Metallica began their “Nowhere Else To Roam” tour in Kalamazoo, MI.

1994 45th NHL All-Star Game East beat West 9-8 at New York Rangers

1994 5.5 earthquake strikes Sumatra

1994 51st Golden Globes Schlinder’s List, Steven Spielberg

1995 Two Palestinian suicide bombers from Gaza Strip detonated powerful explosives at a military transit point in Beit Lid (central) Israel, 21-22 killed

1995 Pat Bradley wins LPGA HealthSouth Inaugural Golf Tournament

1997 The U.S. Senate confirmed Madeleine Albright as the first female secretary of state.

1997 Space Shuttle Atlantis Returns to Earth, Successful

1998 NHL’s Minnesota franchise selects the nickname Wild

1998 Rickey Henderson, rejoins Oakland A’s for 4th time

1998 Toni Braxton filed for Chapter 7 protection in U.S. Bankruptcy Court in Los Angeles, listing liabilities of more than $1 million.

1998 Snoop Doggy Dogg filed a $10 million suit in Los Angeles Superior Court against Gelfand, Rennert & Feldman, its parent Coopers & Lybrand and former Gelfand accountant Steven Cantrock. The suit charged that they had mismanaged Snoop Doggy Dogg’s money.

1998 STS 89 (Endeavour 12) launches into orbit

1998 World League of American Football becomes NFL East

1998 Theodore Kaczynski pled guilty to federal charges for his role as the Unabomber. He agreed to life in prison without parole.

2000 Elian Gonzalez’s grandmothers met privately with U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno as they appealed for help in removing the boy from his Florida relatives and reuniting him with his father in Cuba.

2001 Former National Football League (NFL) player Rae Carruth was sentenced to a minimum 18 years and 11 months in prison for his role in the 1999 shooting death of his pregnant girlfriend, Cherica Adams. Adams died a month later from her wounds. The baby survived and lives with the victim’s mother.

2001 Acting on a tip, authorities captured four of the “Texas 7” in Woodland Park, CO, at a convenience store. A fifth convict killed himself inside a motor home.

2002 In Calcutta, India, Heavily armed gunmen attacked the U.S. government cultural center. Five police officers were killed and twenty others, including one pedestrian and one private security guard, were wounded.

2002 Lawyers suing Enron Corp. asked a court to prevent further shredding of documents due to the pending federal investigation.

2002 Amazon.com announced that it had posted its first net profit in the fourth quarter (quarter ending December 31, 2001).

2002 AOL Time Warner filed suit against Microsoft in federal court seeking damages for harm done to AOL’s Netscape Internet Browser when Microsoft began giving away its competing browser.

2002 Marc Chagall’s work “Study for ‘Over Vitebsk” was found at a postal installation in Topeka, KS. The 8×10 oil painting is valued at about $1 million. The work was stolen a year before form the Jewish Museum in New York City.

2002 Kmart Corp. filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy making it the largest retailer in history to seek legal protection from its creditors.

2003 In New York, the “Leonardo da Vinci, Master Draftsmen” exhibit opened at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

2003 It was reported that scientists in China had found fossilized remains of a dinosaur with four feathered wings.

Birthdays

1440 Ivan III the Great, Russian czar (1462-1505)/conquered Lithuania

1561 Francis Bacon England, statesman/essayist (Novum Organum)

1571 Robert Bruce Cotton English antiquary, politician

1592 Pierre Gassendi Champtercier Provence, scientist/philosopher

1649 Pascal Collasse composer

1655 Geleyn Evertsen Lieutenant-Admiral (Zealand)

1707 Carl Hockh composer

1709 Joseph Reipel composer

1727 Claude-Benigne Balbastre composer

1729 Gotthold Ephraim Lessing Germany, critic/dramatist

1729 Giuseppe Luigi Tibaldi composer

1748 Lewis Edson composer

1753 Peter Fuchs composer

1756 Vincenzo Righini composer

1766 Antoine-Vincent Arnault French writer (Les Vénitiens)

1779 Stefano Pavesi composer

1781 François-Antoine Habeneck composer

1788 Lord [George Gordon Noel] Byron England, romantic poet (Don Juan)

1802 Richard Upjohn US, gothic architect (Trinity Chapel, New York)

1815 Ferdinand Christian Wilhelm Praeger composer

1820 Hermann von Lingg German playwright/poet

1820 Johan Hendrik Koelman portrait painter (Jahresringe)

1824 Josef Leopold Zvonar composer

1826 [Merriwether] Jeff Thompson Partisan (Confederate Army), died in 1876

1842 Charles Henri Marechal composer

1843 Birth of Friedrich Wilhelm Blass, German biblical philologist. His 1896 “Grammar of New Testament Greek” became a foundational work in New Testament studies, and is still in print.

1845 Jacob Verdam Dutch philologist

1845 Paul Vidal de la Blanche France, geographer

1848 Samuel Muller Dutch historian/archivist (Middle Ages)

1849 August Strindberg Sweden, dramatist/novelist (Apologia)

1855 Birth of Carrie Ellis Breck, American Presbyterian poet. Several of her verses later became hymns, including “Help Somebody Today” and “Face to Face with Christ My Savior.”

1855 Ernst Kullak composer

1858 Betrice Potter Webb England, economist

1858 Frederick Lugard British captain/baron (Congo)

1861 Karel Stecker composer

1865 Friedrich Paschen German physicist

1870 Charles Arnold Tournemire composer

1871 Leon Jessel composer

1874 Wincenty Witoz Galicia, PM of Poland (1920-21, 1923, 1926)

1875 Bonifacius C de Jonge Governor (Dutch East Indies)

1875 D[avid] W Griffith movie producer/director (Birth of a Nation)

1875 Thomas W Ross actor (Without Limit, Kings Row, 17, Mortal Storm)

1877 Hjalmar Schacht president of German Reichsbank/minister of Economics

1878 Constance Collier Windsor England, actress/writer (Kitty, Whirlpool)

1878 Francis Picabia French painter/illustrator

1886 John Joseph Becker composer

1890 Fred M Vinson Kentucky, 13th Chief Justice of US Supreme Court (1946-53)

1891 Franz Alexander Hungarian/US psycho analytical

1891 Moise Kisling Polish/French painter (La Souris Boiteuse)

1892 Marcel Dassault [Bloch], French airplane builder

1893 Conrad Veidt Potsdam Germany, actor (Cabinet of Dr Caligari)

1894 Charles Morgan England, writer (Fountain)

1894 Matt McHugh PA, actor (Taxi, Freaks, Barbary Coast, Innocent Affair)

1897 Josef Stanislav composer

1897 Rosa Ponselle opera diva (Casta Diva, La Forza del Destino)

1898 Ross R Barnett lawyer/(Gov-D-MS)

1898 Alexander Abramsky composer

1898 Ben van Eysselsteijn Dutch writer (Arid Earth)

1898 Gustaf Paulson composer

1898 Hans van Werveke Flemish historian (Diocese Terwaan)

1899 Guido Kisch Czech/German/US historian (Jews in medieval Germany)

1899 Martti Haavio [P Mastapää], Finnish linguist/poet

19– Dawn Smith Jackson TN, actress (Jolene-Joe Forrester)

19– Steve Riley rock drummer (LA Guns-It’s Over Now)

1900 Franz Salmhofer composer

1901 Hans-Erich Apostel Austrian composer (Sonata Ritmica)

1903 Robin Humphrey Milford composer

1904 George Balanchine composer/choreographer

1906 Robert E[rvin] Howard US, sci-fi author (Conan the Conqueror)

1906 Willa B Brown (Coffey) US black air pioneer (NAAA)

1907 Marie Dressler actress (Anna Christie, Dinner at 8)

1909 Ann Sothern [Harriette Lake], North Dakota, actress (Lady in a Cage, My Mother the Car)

1909 Lev D Landau Russian physicist (Nobel 1962)

1909 [Sithu] U Thant Burma, 3rd UN Secretary-General (1962-72)

1911 Bruno Kreisky Austria, bandleader/chancellor (1970-83)

1911 Roberto Garcia Morillo composer

1913 Verdina Shlonsky composer

1914 Dimitri Dragatakis composer

1914 Suzanne Danco Belgian singer

1915 Tom Burtt cricketer (slow left-armer took 33 wickets for New Zealand)

1916 Henri Dutilleux Angers France, composer

1917 Albert “Pud” Brown clarinetist/saxophonist

1917 Herwig Hensen [Flor Mielants], Flemish poet/playwright

1918 Richard Eastham Opelousas LA, actor (Wonder Woman, Falcon Crest)

1920 William Warfield singer (Show Boat)

1920 George Breakston Paris France, actor/director (Jungle Stampede)

1920 Piet Van Lishout Flemish writer (Eva & I)

1921 Andre Hodeir composer

1921 Andy Ganteaume cricketer (West Indies batsman, 112 in only Test innings 1948)

1922 Howard Moss poet/editor (New Yorker)

1923 Diana Douglas Devonshire Bermuda, actress (The Cowboys)

1923 Friedrich Zehm composer

1923 Leslie Bassett composer

1924 J J Johnson composer/jazz trombonist

1924 Margaret Whiting big band singer

1925 Leslie Silver English paint manufacturer/multi-millionaire

1926 Lord Erskine of Rerrick peer

1926 Tom Blackburn writer

1927 Joe Perry NFL Hall-of-Famer

1927 Lou Creekmur Baseball Hall-of-Famer

1928 Birch Bayh (Senator-D-IN)

1929 Rita Gillespie TV director

1930 Roy Cooper London England, actor (Amistad, Julian Po, Trevor-Beacon Hill)

1931 Rauno Makinen Finland, Greco-Roman featherweight (Olympics-gold-1956)

1931 Sam Cooke Clarksdale MS, gospel & blues singer (You Send Me, Another Saturday Night, Twisting The Night Away)

1931 Galina Zybina USSR, discus thrower (15 world records between 1952-58)

1932 Piper Laurie [Rosetta Jacobs], Detroit MI, actress (Twin Peaks)

1934 Bill Bixby San Francisco CA, actor (Incredible Hulk, My Favorite Martian)

1934 Graham Kerr chef (Galloping Gourmet)

1935 Pierre S Du Pont IV (Governor-DE)

1935 Seymour Cassel Detroit MI, actor (Faces, Plain Clothes, Valentino)

1937 Eden Pastora Gomez Nicaraguan contra leader

1937 Joseph Wambaugh East Pittsburgh PA, police writer (Onion Fields)

1940 Addie “Micki” Harris Passaic NJ, singer (Shirelles-Soldier Boy)

1940 John Hurt England, actor (Elephant Man, Alien, Midnight Express)

1940 Tilo Medek German composer

1943 H James “Jim” Saxton (Representative-R-NJ, 1984- )

1945 Michael Cristofer actor/writer (Little Drummer Girl)

1945 Oliver rocker

1946 Andrew Rubin New Bedford MA, actor (Hometown, Joe Bash)

1949 James P Pennington rocker (Exile)

1949 Rein P Hummel Dutch MP (PvdA)

1949 Steve Perry Hanford CA, vocalist (Journey-Open Arms, Oh Sherry)

1952 Karen Moe [Thornton] US swimmer (Olympics-gold-1972)

1952 Teddy Gentry Fort Payne AL, country music star (Alabama-Mountain Music, Take Me Down)

1953 Myung-Whun Chung Seoul South Korea, pianist/conductor

1954 Chris Lemmon Los Angeles CA, actor (Brothers & Sisters, Duet)

1955 Thomas David Jones Baltimore MD, PhD/Astronaut (STS 59, 68, 80, sk 98)

1956 Becky Pearson LPGA golfer

1956 John Wesley Shipp actor (The Flash, Dawson’s Creek, Kelly-Guiding Light)

1957 Mike Bossy NHL forward (New York Islanders)

1959 Linda Blair St Louis MO, actress (Exorcist, Chained Heat, Savage St)

1960 Michael Hutchence Australia, rock vocalist/actor (INXS-Need You Tonight, Dogs in Space)

1961 Barb Thomas Whitehead Sibley IA, LPGA golfer (1995 Hawaiian Open)

1962 Robert Mailhouse New Haven CT, actor (Brian-Days of our Life)

1963 Diane Lane New York City NY, actress (Cotton Club, 6 Pack, Big Town)

1963 Jeff Treadway US baseball infielder (Los Angeles Dodgers)

1964 Ann Rowe Auburn Maine, Miss Maine-America (1990)

1964 Maria Ellingsen Reykjavik Iceland, actress (Katrina-Santa Barbara)

1964 Stojko Vrankovic NBA center (Los Angeles Clippers)

1964 Wayne Kirby Williamsburg VA, outfielder (Cleveland Indians, Los Angeles Dodgers)

1965 Jazzy Jeff Townes rapper (Parents Just Don’t Understand)

1965 Ray Mayhew rocker (Sigue Sigue Sputnik-Love Missile F-111)

1965 Steven Adler Cleveland OH, drummer (Guns & Roses-Sweet Child)

1965 Tim Prukop WLAF linebacker-secondary coach (Amsterdam Admirals)

1966 Carlton Haselrig NFL guard (New York Jets)

1966 Nishantha Ranatunga cricket (brother of Arjuna Sri Lankan ODI allrounder)

1967 Manabu Nakanishi wrestler (NJPW)

1967 Nicholas Gillingham British swimmer (world record 200m freestyle)

1967 Olivia d’Abo London England, actress (Wonder Years, Single Guy)

1968 Andrey Sokolov hockey defenseman (Team Kazakhstan Olympics-1998)

1968 Brian Jones NFL linebacker (New Orleans Saints)

1969 Christina Marie Leardini St Petersburg FL, playmate (April 1991)

1969 Keith Gordon US baseball outfielder (Cincinnati Reds)

1969 Ousmane Bary WLAF cornerback (Barcelona Dragons)

1969 Shelley Sandie Australian basketball guard (Olympics-88, 96)

1969 Vinnie Clark NFL cornerback (Jacksonville Jaguars)

1970 Brian Gaskill actor (David Michaels-Models Inc, Bob-All My Children)

1970 Keith Wagner NFL/WLAF tackle (New York Giants, Redskins, Scot Claymores)

1971 Bucky Brooks wide receiver (Jacksonville Jaguars)

1971 Jennifer Christine Joseph Wendover NV, Miss Nevada-America (1995)

1972 Steve Scifres guard/tackle (Dallas Cowboys)

1972 Toddrick McIntosh NFL defensive end (Tampa Bay Buccaneers)

1973 Deon Minor Paris Texas, 400m runner

1973 George Noga CFL linebacker (Winnipeg Blue Bombers)

1973 Reggie Barlow wide receiver (Jacksonville Jaguars)

1973 Said Larossi soccer player (Emmen/Vitesse)

1973 Vincent Bradford linebacker (San Francisco 49ers)

1974 Pavel Mikhalevitch soccer player (NEC)

1974 Stephanie Rottier St Niklaas Belgium, tennis star (1995 semi Prague)

1975 Lee Maxwell Francis Vertongen Palmerston North New Zealand, cyclist (Olympics-96)

1976 Balthazar Getty actor (Young Guns 2, Lord of the Flies)

1979 Melanie Winiger Miss Switzerland-Universe (1997)

1982 Kevin Sheridan actor (Soul Man)

2179 Hikaru Walter Sulu San Francisco CA, (character on Star Trek)

Deaths

1336 Louis III last Earl of Loon, dies

1531 Andrea del Sarto Italian artist, dies at 43

1552 Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset, beheaded for treason

1581 Joost de Damhoudere Flemish lawyer, dies

1581 Seerp Galama Dutch nobleman/military/politician, dies at 52

1599 Cristofano Malvezzi composer, dies at 51

1640 Erasmus Quellinus I Flemish wood carver, dies at about 55

1700 Jacob Balthasar Schutz composer, dies at 39

1781 Johann Siebenkas composer, dies at 66

1779 Famed Tory outlaw Claudius Smith meets his end on the gallows in Goshen, New York. In the wake of his death, Patriot civilians hope for relief from guerilla warfare in upstate New York.

1796 Bernhard Hupfeld composer, dies at 78

1798 Lewis Morris US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 71

1798 Matija A Reljkovic Croatian writer (Satire of Wild Man), dies at 66

1799 Horace B de Saussure Swiss physicist/geologist/alpinist, dies at 58

1847 Georges-Julien Sieber composer, dies at 71

1850 Vincenzo Pallotti Italian saint, dies at 54

1852 George Rodwell composer, dies at 51

1868 Moritz Ganz composer, dies at 61

1879 Anthony Durnford British Colonel, dies in battle

1879 George Shepstone British political affiliate, dies in battle

1893 Vincenz Lachner composer, dies at 81

1895 Edward Solomon composer, dies at 39

1901 Victoria [Alexandrine], Britain’s Queen (1837-1901), dies at 81, and is succeeded by her son, Edward VII.

1909 Richard A C E Erlenmeyer German chemist, dies at 83

1913 Ferdinand van der Haeghen Flemish librarian/bibliographer, dies at 82

1914 Frederik Rung composer, dies at 60

1916 Iwan Knorr composer, dies at 63

1922 Benedictus XV [Giacomo Markies D Chiesa], pope (1914-22), dies at 67

1923 Max Nordau [Südfeld], German physician/zionists leader, dies at 73

1924 Maurice du Plessys French poet (Le Feu Sacré), dies at 59

1927 Confederate General John A. McCausland dies in Mason, West Virginia. He lived for over 50 years after the war and remained an unreconstructed rebel at the time of his death.

1936 Louis Glass composer, dies at 71

1942 Reimond Tollenaere leader Flemish National Front, dies at 81

1942 Walter Richard Sickert British painter (Free House!), dies at 81

1945 A Wolfenstein writer, dies at 61

1945 Carlo Felice Boghen composer, dies a day before 76th birthday

1945 Else Lasker-Schüler writer, dies at 48

1945 Johan Eykman theologist (World Church), dies at 52

1950 Alan Hale Sr actor (The Seahawk, Yellowstone), dies at 57

1951 Eastwood Lane composer, dies at 71

1952 Roger Vitrac French poet/dramatist (Mysteries of Love), dies at 52

1956 P A M Speet Dutch broadcast CEO (KRO), dies

1959 British world racing champion Mike Hawthorn was killed while driving on the Guildford bypass.

1959 A J Else Mauhs German/Dutch actress (Hamlet, Nora), dies at 73

1961 Wilma Rudolph, set a world indoor record in the women’s 60-yard dash. She ran the race in 6.9 seconds.

1964 Marc Blitzstein US composer (Cradle Will Rock), dies at 58

1966 Herbert Marshall actor (Dark Angel, Duel in the Sun), dies at 75

1967 Jobyna Ralston actress (Wings, Girl Shy, Freshman), dies at 66

1968 Duke Kahanamoku Hawaii, 100m swimmer (Olympics-gold-1912, 20, 24), dies at 77

1969 Judy Garland singer/actress (Wizard of Oz), dies at 48 of an overdose

1973 Lyndon B Johnson President (1963-69), dies at his Texas ranch at 64

1974 Leon Lontoc actor (Henry-Burke’s Law), dies at 64

1975 Klaas Voskuil Dutch journalist, dies at 79

1978 Herbert Sutcliffe cricketer (54 Tests for England 4555 runs), dies

1979 Ali Hassan Salameh [Abu Hassan], killed by car bomb; believed to have helped mastermind massacre of 1972 Munich Olympics athletes

1980 Iris Meredith actress (Lawless Land, Gambling Terror), dies at 64

1981 Fannie Thomas US, dies at 113

1982 Eduardo Frei Montalva President of Chile (1964-70), dies at 71

1983 Fred Bakewell cricketer (dashing England bat of 30s, 6 Tests), dies

1987 R Budd Dwyer Pennsylvania State Treasurer, facing prison for conspiracy & perjury, shot himself to death at a televised news conference

1988 Georgi M Malenkov Russian premier (1953-55), dies at 86

1988 Parker Fennelly actor (Kettles on Old MacDonald’s Farm), dies at 96

1992 A J Antoon director (That Championship Season), dies at 47

1992 Ali Amini PM of Iran (1961-62), dies

1993 Alexander Bodon Hung-Dutch architect (RAI, Dollywood), dies at 86

1993 Charlie Gehringer baseball player, dies at 89

1993 Kobo Abe Japanese writer (Wife in the Sand), dies at 68

1993 Maria Vlamynck Flemish author, dies at 75

1994 Frances Gifford dies of emphysema, at 71

1994 Irving B Kahn inventor (teleprompter), dies at 76

1994 Jean-Louis Barrault French actor (La Ronde), dies at 83

1994 Telly Savalas actor (Kojak), dies of prostate cancer at 70

1995 Christopher Francis Palmer orchestrater/author, dies at 48

1995 Mahmoud Sayed Selim Egyptian Muslim leader, shot to death at 29

1995 Margaret Barbara Lambert British historian (Saar), dies at 88

1995 Nico Adriaans founder of Rotterdam Junkiebond, dies of AIDS at 37

1995 Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy mother of President John F Kennedy, dies at 104

1996 Edward Thomas historian/intelligence expert, dies at 77

1996 Efua Theodore Sutherland writer, dies at 71

1996 Mabel Leigh potter, dies at 80

1996 Yisrael Eldad extremist politician, dies at 85

1997 Ian Arthur Hoyle Munro medical journalist, dies at 73

1997 Irwin Levine composer (Tie a Yellow Ribbon), dies at 58

1997 Mollie Panter-Downes writer , dies at 90

1997 Wally Whyton musician/broadcaster, dies at 66

M.I.A.

1966 FORMAN WILLIAM S. PIPESTONE MN

1966 FRENYEA EDMUND M. UKIAH CA LOST AT SEA

1966 GRISSETT EDWIN R. SAN JUAN TX REMAINS RETURNED 06/89

1966 SENNETT ROBERT R. MAR VISTA CA

1966 TEMPLIN ERWIN B. JR. HOUSTON TX

1969 ROSS DOUGLAS A. TEMPLE CITY CA REMAINS RETURNED IDENTIFIED 03/06/98

1974 JONES DIANE 02/03/74 RELEASED FROM QUANG NGAI

1974 MARKHAM JAMES M. 12/74 RETURNED FROM VISIT

1974 QUINN JUDGE SOPHIE RELEASED FROM QUANG NGAI 02/03/74 DETAINED TWICE 74 AND 4/75

1974 BENOIT CHARLES 12/74 RETURNED FROM VISIT

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